We are here to help. View proposed regulations that are open for comment. Clean up projects usually follow a process described in the Citizen Participation Handbook. The person at DEC in charge of the cleanup is responsible for making sure people affected by the project are notified early on in the process so they can find out what is going on, get and say what they think about the project during this review process. Sometimes, a public meeting will be held to give more detailed information on the project and give you the opportunity to ask questions or make comments.
If you want to stay updated on the status of a project, you should contact your local DEC office or call This is the best way to make sure you are receiving the most current and accurate information. The Environmental Notice Bulletin contains notices required by environmental law such as public hearings including those related to SEQR actions, Environmental Impact Statements draft to final , DEC rule making, and specialized notices required by environmental law.
It is published each Wednesday. There are several types of local councils established under state law that can be organized or that may already be active in your community. They advise local governing boards, planning boards, and zoning boards of appeals on matters related to the environment.
CACs and CBs develop town-wide inventories of natural resources and open space, conduct research, review development proposals, conduct site visits, deliver education programs, implement stewardship projects, and gather and distribute information to other town agencies, land use applicants, and the general public. By providing science-based input to land use proposals, ordinances and town plans, CACs and CBs can help communities address environmental issues in municipal planning. EMCs are essentially volunteer boards, made up of 9 or more volunteers appointed by the county executive or legislature, that advise the county on land use planning, environmental infrastructure planning landfill placement, recycling programs, use of road salt and alternatives, etc.
They also provide a liaison between the community and their county government. Members may include business and professional people, farmers, skilled and unskilled workers, students, teachers, and senior citizens. The Trees for Tribs program engages volunteers in restoring streamside buffers through tree planting using native trees and shrubs from the Saratoga State Tree Nursery. The program provides land owners and local governments with low-cost or no-cost native planting materials and free technical assistance.
For more information about the Trees for Tribs program, contact the Tree Nursery at The Hudson River Estuary Program protects and improves the natural and scenic Hudson River watershed for all its residents, from the federal dam at Troy to upper New York harbor. The Estuary Program achieves real progress through extensive outreach, coordination with state and federal agencies, and public-private partnerships. This collaborative approach includes:.
In Canada, the first protected areas were established in the late s, in the first decades after Confederation. Today, federal, provincial, territorial, and regional and urban governments, and indigenous communities, individuals and private organizations acquire and manage lands to conserve biodiversity. According to this system, about eight percent of Canada is classified as protected and about four percent removed from all commercial extractive activities.
Canadian Council on Ecological Areas The Canadian Council on Ecological Areas CCEA was established in to encourage and facilitate the establishment and use of a comprehensive network of protected areas that are representative of Canada's terrestrial and aquatic diversity. As a non-profit, independent organization, CCEA serves as a unique forum for federal, provincial and territorial government agencies, non-government organizations, researchers, industries and other sectors involved in conserving ecological areas.
Through conferences, consultations, projects and technical reports, CCEA educates and provides valuable guidance and support for efforts to complete a comprehensive Canadian network of protected areas. Governments, conservation organizations and individuals are continuing to establish protected areas. Efforts have also been directed at improving biological inventories, ecological land classifications and planning to support the establishment of protected areas. Despite the efforts of governments and non-government organizations, networks of ecological reserves, national, provincial, territorial and regional parks, managed wildlife areas, protected landscapes and internationally designated sites are not yet complete.
Not all of our ecological regions are represented in existing protected areas networks. In some regions of the country, opportunities to establish protected areas are being diminished or foreclosed. The Saguenay Marine Park is also being established as the result of an agreement between the Government of Quebec and the Federal Government. In British Columbia, the Khutzeymateen Valley was designated as a provincial park and Canada's only grizzly bear sanctuary in August The park is home to about 50 grizzly bears and will be co-managed by the Tsimshian Nation.
The third element of the ecological approach is restoration and rehabilitation, which includes the restoration or rehabilitation of species and ecosystems. Article 8: f Rehabilitate and restore degraded ecosystems and promote the recovery of threatened species through the development and implementation of plans or other management strategies. Several species recovery efforts are underway.
Since , the committee has been leading recovery efforts for birds, terrestrial mammals, reptiles and amphibians at risk. Where species are threatened , endangered or extirpated, recovery efforts are undertaken within jurisdictions to enhance or re-introduce species, subspecies and populations.
These recovery efforts are designed to improve the viability of threatened and endangered species through such actions as: the protection or enhancement of habitat; the rehabilitation or creation of habitat; the development of contingency plans for major disruptions; captive-breeding and the transplanting of wild or captive-bred individuals; and the enhancement of public awareness and support. Additionally, some plans are being developed between federal, provincial and territorial governments and indigenous communities to ensure the conservation of species-at-risk and to restore them to levels at which traditional harvesting can be sustained.
Ex situ or "off-site" conservation is sometimes required to support the conservation of vulnerable , threatened and endangered species. There are a number of institutions in Canada currently involved in ex situ conservation supporting both domestic and international species recovery programs. In Canada, ex situ institutions are playing an essential role in conserving native endangered species, such as the Black-footed Ferret and the Whooping Crane, and supporting international efforts to conserve endangered species from other countries, such as the Puerto Rican Toad.
All three species are being bred in captivity to produce offspring for re-introduction to their native habitats. The Thelon Game Sanctuary was established in the Northwest Territories in to provide a safe haven for muskoxen, which were then on the brink of extinction. Today, much of the mainland tundra has been repopulated by muskoxen migrating out of this protected core population. The success of the Thelon Game Sanctuary in recovering this species is an illustration of the key role played by protected areas in providing species-at-risk a chance of recovery. More than , shorebirds will continue to have safe haven in the newly designated International Shorebird Reserve at Quill Lakes, Saskatchewan.
Nearly 16, ha in size, the reserve includes the largest saline lake in Canada, freshwater marshes, mixed grass prairie and aspen parkland communities.
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This reserve joins the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network, which comprises 23 other sites in seven countries. Several ecosystem restoration and rehabilitation projects are currently underway. This partnership project involves governments, indigenous people and non-government organizations.
There are also numerous smaller scale ecosystem restoration and rehabilitation projects underway. These include restoring wetlands, repairing eroded stream banks and reclaiming areas such as abandoned gravel pits. Many of these projects are community-based and contribute to the conservation of biodiversity. Ecosystem restoration and rehabilitation can be extremely expensive and is not always successful in fully restoring ecosystems.
Preventing ecosystem degradation is, therefore, critical. The cost and scientific and technical implications of each proposed restoration or rehabilitation program must be critically evaluated to determine the program's long-term value in conserving biodiversity. In some cases, scarce financial and human resources could be used more effectively in other conservation initiatives.
In , the federal and Quebec governments renewed their commitment to the St. Lawrence Action Plan. The new St. Lawrence Vision includes biodiversity as one of its seven long-term objectives.
NRI Overview - Natural Resources
The fourth element of the ecological management approach is the development and implementation of sector-specific policies, plans and programs. The sustainable use of biological resources and ecosystems is essential to the well-being of members of society and is necessary to conserve biodiversity. The aim of the North American Waterfowl Management Plan is to restore waterfowl populations to s levels by improving their habitats.
The Plan calls for the preservation of 2. It is funded by public and private sources in both Canada and the United States and involves governments, conservation groups, hunters, farmers and other landowners. In Manitoba, Prairie Care and the Manitoba Habitat Heritage Corporation have acquired cultivated lands and returned them to native grass species.
This work will support biodiversity conservation efforts in southwest Manitoba. There are numerous policies, laws and programs in effect in Canada to support the sustainable use of biological resources. These include soil conservation programs, sustainable harvesting rates for wildlife, trapping and fishing, sustainable grazing rates on agricultural lands, and the sustainable use of forest resources. Unfortunately, there have also been instances where unsustainable resource use has resulted in adverse impacts to the economy and community social well-being.
Canada is responding to resource management issues that have arisen from such practices.
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For example, the North American Waterfowl Management Plan is being implemented in response to very significant declines in waterfowl populations. The tourism industry is developing environmental codes of practice to promote the sustainable use of wildlife, parks and other resources necessary to sustain the growing eco-tourism sector. Article Integrate consideration of the conservation and sustainable use of biological resources into national decision-making. Article 6: b Integrate the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity into relevant sectoral or cross-sectoral plans, programmes and policies.
Indigenous communities are playing an increasingly significant role in the development of cooperative regimes to sustain our resources for future generations. Other sectors of society are becoming increasingly aware of the need to conserve biodiversity and use biological resources in a sustainable manner. In some instances it may be possible to develop opportunities for the secondary processing of biological resources as a means of increasing employment, profits and economic diversity.
Where such opportunities exist, they should be pursued as a means of supporting sustainable harvest rates for biological resources.
Activity 2 – Get in Touch with Trees
Biological systems are dynamic and can change significantly in biological productivity, species distribution and abundance. Consequently, resource managers and users must be aware of natural adjustments and fluctuations and respond with appropriate management practices. In the following section, strategic directions 1.
This is followed by sections addressing agricultural, aquatic, and forested areas. The Whitehorse Mining Initiative WMI , co-sponsored by the Mining Association of Canada and Canada's Mines Ministers, was a multi-stakeholder process aimed at moving towards a socially, economically and environmentally sustainable mining industry underpinned by political and community consensus. The process produced an umbrella Accord endorsed by the Mines Ministers, the federal Minister of Indian and Northern Affairs, and leaders from aboriginal organizations, industry, labour and environmental groups.
The Accord recognizes that protected area networks are essential contributors to environmental health, biological diversity and ecological processes and a fundamental part of the sustainable balance of society, economy and environment. As such, one of the goals of the Accord is "to create and set aside from industrial development by the year , those protected areas required to achieve representation of Canada's land-based natural regions". The agriculture and agri-food industry is a major contributor to the Canadian economy, accounting for eight percent of the Gross Domestic Product and 15 percent of total employment.
Just as humans depend upon the products of agriculture, agriculture depends upon biological resources and ecosystems that provide the raw materials to produce new and better food plants, breeds of animals, and other products. International access to diverse genetic resources is necessary for us because almost all major Canadian crops and domestic animals originated in other parts of the world.